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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年09月第28卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)05-0167-15
 
场域理论下公务员避责行为生成机制的实证研究
 
王英1,魏姝1,吴少微1,唐雲2
 
(1. 南京大学政府管理学院,江苏南京,210023;
2. 复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院,上海,200433)
 
摘  要: 公务员的避责行为在一定程度上会掣肘政府治理绩效的提升,厘清其生成逻辑方能从根源上找出破解之道。基于场域理论构建“场域—感知—行为”的整体性分析框架,利用A省领导及下属公务员匹配调查数据,探究地方公务员在中国语境下避责行为的生成机制。研究发现:与个体的惯习因素相比,所处行政环境的规则张力和资本约束对地方公务员避责行为的生成发挥着更关键的作用,控制风险感知变量后的资本约束更容易催生其避责行为的产生。由此可知,地方公务员避责行为的生成逻辑主要表现是“主动为”的压力型逻辑和“不得不为”的约束型逻辑,这两种逻辑对不同职务类别、服务对象的公务员避责行为的影响也显著不同。研究为厘清公务员避责行为的生成机制提供了新的实践支持,也为现阶段破除避责困境提供了启示。
 
关键词: 场域理论;避责行为;风险感知;生成逻辑
 
 
An empirical study on the generation mechanism of civil servants' blame avoidance behavior under the Field Theory
 
WANG Ying1, WEI Shu1, WU Shao Wei1, TANG Yun2
 
(1. School of Government Administration, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023;
2. School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433)
 
Abstract: The blame avoidance behaviors of civil servants can hamper the improvement of government performance, and the solution can only be found at the root by clarifying its generation logic. The study, based on the Field Theory, developed a holistic analysis framework of "field-perception-behavior" to investigate the mechanism of blame avoidance behavior of local civil servants in the Chinese context by using the data from the matching survey of leaders and subordinate civil servants in Province A. The study finds that, compared with individual habitual factors, the avoidance behavior of local civil servants was more influenced by the administrative environment than by their individual habits. The study also finds that, compared with individual habitual factors, rule tensions and capital constraints in the administrative environment play a more critical role in the generation of local civil servants' blame avoidance behaviors, and that capital constraints after the controlling risk perceives variables are more likely to generate their blame avoidance behaviors. It can thus be seen that the generation logic of local civil servants' avoidance behavior is mainly manifested by the pressure logic of "actively doing" and the constraint logic of "having to do", and that the influences of these two logics on the avoidance behavior of civil servants in different job categories and service recipients are also significantly different. The study provides new practical support for clarifying the generation mechanism of civil servants' blame avoidance behavior, and also provides insights for solving the blame avoidance dilemma at this stage.
 
Key words: the Field Theory; blame avoidance behavior; risk perception; generative logic
 
 
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