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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年07月第28卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)04-0031-11
 
遗产管理人的诉讼实施权配置研究——从实体与程序的双重维度切入
 
刘学在,赵贝贝
 
(武汉大学法学院,湖北武汉,430072)
 
摘  要: 遗产管理人制度是我国《民法典》新增之规定,旨在确保遗产管理的公正与效率。为遗产管理人配置诉讼实施权具有现实必要性,合乎遗产权利归属主体权益保障及国家司法效益诉求之需。基于遗产管理活动的职务关系性质,遗产管理人享有诉讼实施权的实体法基础是具有“固有权”性质的管理权,程序原理则为法定诉讼担当。为确保遗产管理人能够妥当地行使诉讼实施权,一方面,应当以遗产管理人是否由继承人担任为界分,对其在具体遗产纠纷诉讼中的诉讼实施权进行梳理;另一方面,应明确遗产管理人的诉讼承继人地位,进而对《民事诉讼法》第153、154条中关于一方当事人死亡时的处理规则进行优化调整。
 
关键词: 遗产管理人;诉讼实施权;管理处分权;遗产纠纷诉讼
 
 
Research on the allocation of the estate administrator's right to sue or be sued­: From two dimensions of the substance and procedure
 
LIU Xuezai, ZHAO Beibei
 
(School of Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: The system of estate administrator is a new subject in Section 1145 of the Civil Code, aiming to ensure fairness and efficiency in the administration of estate. It is of practical necessity to allocate to the estate administrator the right to sue or be sued, which meets the needs of the protection of the rights and interests of the subject of the estate right ownership and the appeal of the judicial benefits of the country. Based on the nature of the title relationship of management activities, the substantive legal basis for the administrator to enjoy the right to implement litigation is the management right with the nature of "inherent right", while the principle of procedure is legal litigation. To ensure that the administrator can properly exercise the right to enforce the lawsuit, we should, on the one hand, take as the boundary whether the administrator is the successor to sort out the implementation of the right of action in the specific inheritance dispute litigation, and on the other hand, clarify the status of the inheritor of the lawsuit of the estate administrator, and then optimize and adjust the provisions on the death of one party in Article 153 and Article 154 of the new Civil Procedure Law.
 
Key words: estate administrator; right to sue or be sued; management; estate dispute litigation
 
 
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