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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年05月第28卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)03-0165-12
 
政策转移推动政策创新生成机理探究——基于福建省排污权交易政策转移个案的分析
 
魏淑艳,郑美玲
 
(东北大学文法学院,辽宁沈阳,110169)
 
摘  要: 改革开放以来,政策转移作为政策学习的一种重要方式,已经成为地方政府政策行为的常态。然而,绝大多数的政策转移并不是简单地复制他地政策,政策在转移过程中往往经历着“解释”与“重构”,因而会推动不同程度的政策创新。以知识创造理论为基础,运用过程追踪法对福建省排污权交易政策转移个案进行深度分析,发现政策学习、经验提取、知识转化、要素突破四个必要构件的互动构成了“内化再生产”机制,形成政策转移与政策创新之间因果逻辑链条。政策转移推动政策创新的实质是政策知识学习、提取、内化、创造的过程,这个过程嵌入在一定的情境结构之中。从互动转化过程视角探究政策创新生成机理,既有助于厘清政策转移的建构过程,促进政策转移理发展,又有助于发挥政策创新在提升地方治理绩效上的“撬动”效应,推动创新成果转化为更好的治理效能。
 
关键词: 政策转移;政策创新;排污权交易;治理绩效;“撬动”效应
 
 
Exploration into the mechanism of policy innovation driven by policy transfer: An analysis based on the case of the transfer of emission trading policy in Fujian Province
 
WEI Shuyan, ZHENG Meiling
 
(School of Humanities & Law, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110169, China)
 
Abstract: Since the Reform and Opening-up, policy transfer as an important way of policy learning has become the normal policy behavior of local governments. But most policy shifts do not simply copy other policies. In the process of transfer, policies are often reinterpreted and reconstructed, hence stimulating policy innovation of different levels. This study, based on the theory of knowledge creation, and employing the process tracking method, analyzes the case of policy transfer of emission rights trading in Fujian Province. It is found that the four necessary components of policy learning, experience absorption, knowledge transformation and factor breakthrough constitute the mechanism of "internalized reproduction", and form the causal logic chain between policy transfer and policy innovation. The essence of policy innovation driven by policy transfer is a process of learning, absorbing, internalizing and creating policy knowledge. This process is embedded in a situational structure. Exploring policy innovation from the perspective of mutual transformation helps not only to clarify the construction process of policy transfer and promote the theoretical extension of policy transfer, but also to boost the leverage effect of policy innovation in improving local governance performance and push innovation achievement transfer into better governance effect.
 
Key words: policy transfer; policy innovation; emission trading; governance performance; leverage effect
 
 
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