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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年03月第28卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览107次    下载38次   在线阅读39
文章编号:1672-3104(2022)02-0131-10
 
“事件”:理解利奥塔思想的锁钥
 
曹晖,杜立
 
(黑龙江大学哲学学院,黑龙江哈尔滨,150000)
 
摘  要: 事件是利奥塔一切后现代思想的理论来源,他始终尝试通过事件的不可预测性和瞬间性特征揭开后现代状况中存在的问题。就“事件”与时间观而言,利奥塔借鉴了亚里士多德、胡塞尔和海德格尔的时间思想,结合事件的当下性和瞬间性特征提出一种非线性时间观;就“事件”与哲学观而言,利奥塔在力比多哲学和差异哲学中都对事件的发生进行了阐述,并指出事件发生场所的差异;就“事件”与语用观而言,利奥塔推崇一种独特的“衔接法则”、语言“指标”和表达“处境”,提出语句-事件之间并不存在一种普遍必然的连接法则;就“事件”与艺术观而言,利奥塔提出事件的艺术表达体现为一种不可表现性和反视觉的艺术感受。对利奥塔而言,所有的批评性作品都始于对事件概念的分析。
 
关键词: 利奥塔;后现代主义;事件;绝对差异;不确定性;偶然性
 
 
“Event”: The key to understanding Lyotard’s thoughts
 
CAO Hui, DU Li
 
(College of Philosophy, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China)
 
Abstract: Events are the theoretical source of all the postmodern thoughts of Lyotard who has forever been attempting to uncover the problems existing in the postmodern situation through the unpredictable and instantaneous characteristics of events. In terms of “event” and time view, Lyotard borrows from related time thoughts of Aristotle, Husserl and Heidegger, and, by combining the current and instantaneous characteristics of nowaday events, puts forward a nonlinear time view. In terms of “event” and philosophical view, Lyotard expounds the occurrence of events in libidinal philosophy and different philosophies, and points out the differences in the places where events happen. In terms of “event” and linguistic view, Lyotard advocates a unique “cohesion rule”, language “index”and expression “situation”, and puts forward that there is no universal and inevitable connection rule between “sentence” and “event”. In terms of “event”and artistic view, Lyotard suggests the artistic expression of event, which is embodied as an unrepresentative and anti-visual artistic feeling. For Lyotard, all critical works begin with the analysis of the concept of “event”.
 
Key words: Lyotard; postmodernism; the event; the absolute difference; uncertainty; chance
 
 
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