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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年03月第28卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览100次    下载36次   在线阅读40
文章编号:1672-3104(2022)02-0059-13
 
电子政务发展优化营商环境的机制研究——基于不同收入水平国家的比较分析
 
李燕1,高慧2,朱春奎3
 
(1. 中国海洋大学国际事务与公共管理学院,山东青岛,266100;
2. 大连理工大学人文与社会科学学部,辽宁大连,116024;
3. 复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院,上海,200433)
 
摘  要: 基于全球149个国家2010—2018年间的面板数据,实证分析了不同收入水平国家电子政务发展优化营商环境的作用机制及其效果。研究发现:电子政务对营商环境的正向影响在中高收入国家中最强,在高收入国家中次之,而在中低及以下收入国家中最弱;发展电子政务有助于提升政府效能与政府清廉水平,但对腐败规制的强化作用相对较弱,不同收入水平国家电子政务发展对政府效能与腐败遏制的积极效应也存在区别;电子政务助力营商环境优化的间接作用机制更多表现为通过提升政府效能来实现,且这种机制在不同收入水平国家中存在一定差异。
 
关键词: 电子政务;营商环境;优化机制;遏制腐败;政府效能
 
 
On the mechanism of e-government development optimizing business environment: A comparative analysisbased oncountries with different income levels
 
LI Yan1, GAO Hui2, ZHU Chunkui3
 
(1. School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100;
 2. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024;
 3. School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433)
 
Abstract: Based on the panel data of 149 countries from 2010 to 2018, this paper makes an in-depth empirical test on the impact and mechanism of e-government development on business environment, and analyzes and compares the differences of this impact mechanism in countries with different income levels. Thestudy finds that the positive impact of e-government on business environment is strongest in countries with mid and high income levels, less in countries with high incomes, but weakest in countries with low incomes, and that the development ofe-government is helpful to improve the government efficiency and the level of government integrity, but the strengthening effect on corruption regulation is relatively weak, and there exist differences in the positive effects of e-government development on government efficiency and corruption curbing, The study also finds that the indirect effect mechanism for e-government to boost the optimization of business environment is shown more strikingly by improving government efficiency, and this mechanism varies in countries with various income levels.
 
Key words: e-government; business environment; optimizing mechanism; curbing corruption; government efficiency
 
 
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