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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年01月第28卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)01-0191-10
 
萧一山民族革命史观的形成及其清史叙述范式转变
 
何鑫
 
(南京大学历史学院,江苏南京,210023)
 
摘  要: 民族革命史观是清史名家萧一山的主要史学特色,这种特色是逐步形成的。他的早期代表作《清代通史》仍为典型的传统史学体例,并无明确线索和范式,但可以从中看出萧一山的民族主义观念。随着其学术思想的成熟和与当局关系的逐步走近,民族革命的观念在他的文章中逐步明晰,最终于抗战期间成书的《清史大纲》中完整呈现。对孙中山三民主义的接受、时局的变化和个人经历等,是促成其民族革命史观形成的主要因素。在民族革命史观的影响下,他的后期作品和修正再版的著作中的叙述用语、叙述范式等均发生了重大转变。
 
关键词: 萧一山;民族革命史观;《清史大纲》;《清代通史》;叙述范式
 
 
The formation of Xiao Yishan’s national revolutionary viewpoint and transformation of his Qing-history narrative paradigm
 
HE Xin
 
(School of History, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China)
 
Abstract: National revolutionary historical viewpoint was the main historiographical feature of Xiao Yishan, a famous historian of Qing study. And his narrative paradigm was gradually formed. His early masterpiece, General History of the Qing Dynasty, was typical of traditional historiography, and there were no clear clues and paradigms in it, but from it we can see Xiao Yishan’s viewpoints on nationalism. As his academic thought matured and his relationship with the authorities grew closer, the idea of national revolution in his writings gradually became clear, and was finally presented in full in Outline of Qing History during the Anti-Japanese War. The main reasons for this include the acceptance of Sun Yat-sen’s “Three Principles of the People”, the changes of the current situation, and his personal experiences, all of which contributed to the formation of his above viewpoint about national revolution. Under the influence of such revolutionary viewpoint, the narrative terminology and paradigm in his later works as well as his revised and reprinted works underwent a significant transformation.
 
Key words: Xiao Yishan; national revolutionary historical viewpoints; Outline of Qing History; General History of the Qing Dynasty; narrative paradigm
 
 
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