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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年01月第28卷第1期
   
本文已被:浏览923次    下载416次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2022)01-0171-11
 
想象读者与阅读引介——孔尚任编创《桃花扇》系列“副文本”的意图及意义
 
陈志勇
 
(中山大学中国非物质文化遗产研究中心,广东广州,512075)
 
摘  要: 孔尚任在构思和编创《桃花扇》的过程中,对理想读者有想象与预设,即这是个具有遗民思想的特殊社会群体。为达成与此读者群体的有效交流,孔尚任陆续为他们准备了十余种副文本。这些具有附录性质的文本,信息丰富而功能各异,承载着孔尚任全方位介入读者阅读环节、引导受众正确解读《桃花扇》的真实意图,具有重要的文本价值。通过考察正、副文本之间的互释共存关系,可为深入理解孔尚任的创作心态和《桃花扇》的成书过程及意蕴提供新的角度。
 
关键词: 《桃花扇》;孔尚任;副文本;创作心态;理想读者
 
 
Imagined reader and reading guide: Intention and significance of the "sub-text" of Peach Blossoms Fan series edited by Kong Shangren
 
CHEN Zhiyong
 
(Institute of Chinese Intangible Cultural Heritage, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China)
 
Abstract: In the process of conceiving and creating Peach Blossoms Fan, Kong Shangren had imagination and presupposition for the ideal readers who are of a special social group with the thoughts of the survivors. To achieve effective communication with this group of readers, Kong prepared successively more than ten kinds of sub-texts for them. These texts with the nature of appendix are rich in information and various in functions, carrying Kong’s real intention of involving the readers' reading process in an all-round way,  guiding the audience to correctly interpret Peach Blossoms Fan, and hence having important textual value. This study of the mutual interpretation and co-existence between the primary and the secondary texts can provide a new angle for the in-depth understanding of Kong’s creating mentality, the composing process of Peach Blossoms Fan and the multiple implications.
 
Key words: Peach Blossoms Fan; Kong Shangren; subtext; creating mentality; ideal reader
 
 
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