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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年01月第28卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)01-0070-13
 
反垄断法下超级平台自我优待行为的合理规制
 
孟雁北,赵泽宇
 
(中国人民大学法学院,北京,100872)
 
摘  要: 超级平台自我优待行为在可能损害数字市场竞争的同时,也可能带来经济上的收益,因此应适用合理原则根据反垄断法的禁止滥用市场支配地位条款进行违法性判断。超级平台自我优待行为可分为拒绝交易、搭售以及差别待遇三类行为。由于这三类行为的违法判断并非遵循统一的衡量规则,在我国《反垄断法》没有将自我优待行为作为一种独立滥用行为的情形下,应注意发挥《反垄断法》第17条兜底条款的规制作用。在反垄断实践中,应当采用更为简化的“合理原则”进行判断,识别超级平台自我优待行为产生的垄断“杠杆”效应,以及探讨通过“必需设施原则”或是“守门人制度”进行规制的可能性,以实现反垄断法对超级平台自我优待行为的合理规制。
 
关键词: 自我优待行为;超级平台;合理原则;滥用市场支配地位;杠杆效应
 
 
Reasonable regulation of self-preferencing on mega platforms under antitrust law
 
MENG Yanbei, ZHAO Zeyu
 
(School of Law, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
 
Abstract: Self-preferencing on mega platforms, while possibly damaging competition in the digital market, may also bring economic benefits, and thus the rule of reason applies pursuant to the clause of prohibition of abuse of the dominant position under antitrust law. Self-preferencing on mega platforms can be divided into three categories of conducts: refusal to deal, tying, and differential treatment. However, as there is no uniform antitrust rule for assessment of these three types of abusive conducts in terms of their legality, in the absence of a legislative choice to treat self-preferencing as an independent abusive conduct in our Anti-monopoly Law, attention should be paid to the role of the miscellaneous clause in Article 17. In antitrust practice, a more simplified “rule of reason” should firstly be used, next the monopolistic “leverage” effect of self-preferencing should be identified, and finally the regulatory choices between the “essential facility doctrine” and “digital gatekeepers” should be discussed, so as to achieve reasonable antitrust regulation of self-preferencing on mega platforms.
 
Key words: self-preferencing; mega platforms; rule of reason; abuse of dominant position; leveraging effect
 
 
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