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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年01月第28卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)01-0031-10
 
阳明心学对儒学传统的重建及其对当代儒学复兴的启示
 
云龙
 
(吉林大学哲学社会学院,吉林长春,130012)
 
摘  要: 以解决时代问题为基本理念,以批判明初的辞章知识之学为基本指向,王阳明通过重塑道统以重铸儒学认同之根基、激活经典以复明儒学传承之依据、会通释老以重启儒学对异质文化的包容能力等三方面的努力,完成了“拔本塞源”、重建儒家传统的历史使命。阳明心学以解决时代问题、批判辞章知识之学的弊端作为重建儒学的基本思路,对当前以知识性的研究方式来重建传统的思维误区具有警示意义:唯有真正走进传统之中,才能找到真实的时代问题,才能形成对传统文化的认同,也才能真正实现传统文化的“创造性转化”和“创新性发展”。
 
关键词: 阳明心学;儒学传统;批判知识;复兴传统;时代问题;文化认同
 
 
Reconstruction of Confucian tradition by Yangming’s mind theory and its enlightenment to the revival of contemporary Confucian study
 
YUN Long
 
(School of Philosophy and Sociology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
 
Abstract: Taking solving problems for the times as the basic idea, and taking criticizing the disadvantages of rhetoric knowledge as the fundamental direction, Wang Yangming, by reshaping Taoism to recast Confucian identity, by activating classics to revive the basis of inheriting Confucian study, and by dredging Buddhism and Taoism to restart Confucian inclusively tolerant capability of heterogeneous cultures, fulfilled the historical mission of tackling the basis, inserting the origin, and of reconstructing the Confucian tradition. The basic thread and overall spirit of Yangming's mind theory, by taking solving problems for the times and criticizing the disadvantages of rhetoric knowledge as the basic thread of reconstructing Confucianism, is of warning significance to reconstruct the traditional thinking misunderstanding by means of knowledge research. It enlightens us that only when we really enter the tradition, can we find the real problems of the times, form the identification with the traditional culture, and truly achieve the creative transformation and innovative development of traditional culture.
 
Key words: Yangming’s mind theory; Confucian tradition; critical knowledge; reviving tradition; problems of the times; cultural identification
 
 
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