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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年11月第27卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览955次    下载442次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2021)06-0188-09
 
《失乐园》技术发明情节描写中的科技发展观“对话”
 
吴玲英,陈则恩
 
(中南大学外国语学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 技术发明是《失乐园》中众多科技情节的范例,主要包括生火、金属冶炼和火药武器三种与火相关的发明。通过对技术发明的细节描写,弥尔顿与培根就有关科技发展的“大复兴”论进行了“对话”。培根“大复兴”论认为,人可以通过科学技术恢复到堕落以前对于自然的主宰状态,并实现人类社会的高度发展。弥尔顿则将上述三项发明置于人类历史中,对“大复兴”论进行了反思,探讨技术对于人类文明前进的复杂作用,强调物质文明的发展需要精神文明作为支撑和指引。科技与人文价值的结合,也成为史诗《失乐园》中设想的人类命运共同体的有机组成部分。
 
关键词: 约翰·弥尔顿;《失乐园》;技术发明;弗朗西斯·培根;“大复兴”
 
 
The dialogue on scientific development in episodes of technical inventions in Paradise Lost
 
WU Lingying, CHEN Ze’en
 
(School of Foreign Languages, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Technical inventions stand out as a unique group among various scientific exemplars in Paradise Lost, mainly including three fire-related inventions of fire making, metallurgy and gunpowder. Through detailed descriptions, Milton conducts a dialogue with Francis Bacon’s project of scientific and technological development, that is “the Great Instauration”, which believes that Man can restore the prelapsarian dominance of nature via technological advancement, and can fulfill the utmost development of human society. Placing these scientific inventions in human history of technology, Milton reflects on Bacon’s project, explores the complicated relation between advancement and the progress of civilization, and emphasizes that the technical and economic progress requires cultural-ethical standards as support and guidance. Hence, the alliance between technology and humanistic values becomes an organic and integral part of the community with a shared future for mankind as imagined in Paradise Lost.
 
Key words: John Milton; Paradise Lost; technical inventions; Francis Bacon; “the Great Instauration”
 
 
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