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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年11月第27卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览1037次    下载375次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2021)06-0145-13
 
地方政府河长制政策工具模型:选择偏好与优化路径——基于扎根理论的政策文本实证研究
 
任彬彬,周建国
 
(南京大学政府管理学院,江苏南京,210023)
 
摘  要: 通过对全国省级河长制政策文本的扎根分析,构建了地方政府河长制政策工具选择模型,进而描绘河长制的政策工具谱系。研究发现:目标导向的实质性政策工具通过对地方政府的政策注意力进行分配,成为第一序列使用偏好;过程导向的执行性政策工具实现了对河长制政策过程的清晰化运作,构成第二序列使用偏好;能力导向的赋能性与引领导向的引导性政策工具推动河流治理的可持续发展,组成第三序列使用偏好。因此,地方政府要进一步动态调整实质性政策工具,完善执行性政策工具程序化建设,丰富赋能性政策工具的内容形式,重视引导性政策工具的规范引领,从而推动河长制的长效运行。
 
关键词: 河长制;政策工具;地方政府;河流治理
 
 
Policy tool model of river-leader in the local government: Choice preference and optimization path—Empirical study on policy text based on Grounded Theory
 
REN Binbin, ZHOU Jianguo
 
(School of Government Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China)
 
Abstract: Based on the root analysis of the national provincial river chief system policy text, this paper constructs the local government river chief system policy tool selection model, and then describes the river chief system policy tool pedigree. The study finds that goal-oriented substantive policy tools distribute the local government's policy attention, hence becoming the first preference, that the process-oriented executive policy tool realizes the clear operation of the policy process of river chief system, hence constituting the second sequence of preference, and that capability-oriented empowerment and guiding-oriented policy tools promote sustainable development of river governance, thus becoming the third sequence of use preference. Therefore, the local government should further dynamically adjust the substantive tools, perfect the procedural construction of executive tools, enrich the content and form of enabling tools, and attach importance to the normative guidance of guiding tools, so as to realize the long-term operation of river chief system.
 
Key words: system of river-leader; policy tools; local governments; rivers governance
 
 
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