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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年11月第27卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)06-0105-14
 
我国对外直接投资与东道国产业结构升级——基于“一带一路”倡议的调节效应
 
田晖1,谢虎1,肖琛1,宋清2
 
(1. 中南大学商学院,湖南长沙,410083;2. 清华大学经济管理学院,北京,100000)
 
摘  要: 利用2003—2019年我国向“一带一路”沿线51个国家直接投资的存量数据,测算沿线国家产业结构水平,并采用固定效应法实证研究我国OFDI对沿线国家产业结构升级的影响,进而考察“一带一路”倡议对我国OFDI与沿线国家产业结构升级关系的调节效应。在此基础上,研究我国OFDI对沿线不同发展类型经济体的影响差异。结果表明:整体而言,我国OFDI对沿线国家产业结构升级具有正向影响,且“一带一路”倡议在两者关系间存在正向调节效应。进一步进行异质性分析表明,我国OFDI对发达经济体、发展中经济体和转型经济体产业结构升级均具有正向影响,且对于发展中经济体和转型经济体,“一带一路”倡议的正向调节效应显著存在。
 
关键词: 产业结构升级;对外直接投资;“一带一路”倡议;“一带一路”沿线国家;调节效应
 
 
China's outward foreign direct investment and the host countries' industrial structure upgrading: Based on the moderating effects of the Belt and Road Initiative
 
TIAN Hui1, XIE Hu1, XIAO Chen1, SONG Qing2
 
(1. School of Business, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100000, China)
 
Abstract: Based on the stock data from 2003 to 2019 of China's direct investment in 51 countries along the "One Belt and One Road" route, the article measures the level of the industrial structure of these countries, and, by adopting the fixed effect method, undertakes an empirical study on the impact of China's outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) on the upgrading of industrial structure along the route, and further examines the moderating effects of the Belt and Road Initiative on the relationship between China's OFDI and the industrial structure upgrading along the route. On this basis, the article also studies the impact of China's OFDI on different development types of economies along the route. The results show that, on the whole, China's OFDI exerts a positive impact on the industrial structure upgrading of the countries along the Belt and Road, and "One Belt and One Road Initiative" has a positive moderating effect on the relationship between the two. Further studies on their heterogeneity show that China's OFDI has a positive impact on the industrial structure upgrading of developed economies, developing economies and transition economies, and for developing economies and transition economies, the positive moderating effect of the Belt and Road Initiative exists significantly.
 
Key words: industrial structure upgrading; outward foreign direct investment; the Belt and Road Initiative; countries along the route; moderating effects
 
 
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