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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年09月第27卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览570次    下载285次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2021)05-0033-08
 
霍耐特对劳动的道德重构
 
翁少龙
 
(厦门大学哲学系,福建厦门,361005)
 
摘  要: 霍耐特的历史唯物主义是他早期在研究马克思政治经济学的基础上提出来的。作为对马克思政治经济学批判当代重构的重要尝试,他试图为马克思的理论提供必要的规范基础,并据此而将其主题纳入当代批判理论的视野中。霍耐特对马克思历史唯物主义的重构体现在对劳动关系的重新分析,这种分析以强调人作为道德主体的价值基础为突出特征。正是有了这个基础的存在,劳动才变得有意义,而历次的社会运动和工人组织其实都已经表明了这个基础的存在。因而,在用道德情感重构劳动关系的过程中,霍耐特深刻地体会到人在劳动中的情感和尊严的重要性,并将其作为思考承认规范的基础。换言之,劳动一旦缺少了来自承认的内核,就必定陷入物化的极端状态之中。
 
关键词: 霍耐特;历史唯物主义;劳动;道德主体;劳动关系;道德情感
 
 
Honneth’s moral reconstruction of labor
 
WENG Shaolong
 
(Department of Philosophy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)
 
Abstract: Honneth’s historical materialism is put forward on the basis of his early study on Marx’s political economy. As an important attempt at contemporary reconstruction of Marx’s critique of political economy, Honneth aimed at providing a normative foundation for Marx’s theory, and thus transferred this theme into the view of modern critical theory. The key of Honneth’s reconstruction of Marx’s historical materialism lies in his re-evaluation and analysis of labor relation, which is strikingly featured by its emphasis on man's value as a moral subjectivity. And only because of the existence of this foundation, can labor become significant. Therefore, in the process of using moral emotions to reconstruct the labor relation, Honneth has realized the importance of emotions and dignity in labor, and has taken them as the foundation in considering such a normative foundation in recognition. In other words, once the labor has missed its innate core from recognition, it would inevitably fall into an ultimate state of reification and estrangement.
 
Key words: Honneth; historical materialism; labor; moral subject; labor relationship; moral emotions
 
 
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