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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年09月第26卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)05-0177-13
 
类型比较与抗逆力建设的内部差异性研究——以渝东M镇105户易地扶贫搬迁移民为例
 
魏爱春,李雪萍
 
(常州大学瞿秋白政府管理学院,江苏常州,213164;
华中师范大学社会学院,湖北武汉,430079)
 
摘  要: 基于生计能力视角,通过对渝东M镇105户易地扶贫搬迁移民的深度访谈从类型比较出发揭示易地扶贫搬迁移民抗逆力建设的内部差异性。研究发现:囿于生计能力结构的差异化,他们分别采取短距离摆动、长距离摆动、混合式摆动的生计策略应对贫困,呈现出迥异的抗逆行动,建设了不同类型的抗逆力。以农为主的兼业型搬迁户建设了生存型抗逆力;纯务工型搬迁户建设了发展型抗逆力;农工共存型搬迁户建设了健康型抗逆力。生计能力结构内部各要素之间的不同耦合关系是易地扶贫搬迁移民抗逆力差异化的根本原因。
 
关键词: 生计能力;类型比较;生存型抗逆力;发展型抗逆力;健康型抗逆力
 
 
The study on type comparison and internal differences of resilience construction: Taking 105 migrants in inhospitable areas of M town in eastern Chongqing as an example
 
WEI Aichun, LI Xueping
 
(Qu Qiubai School of Government Administration, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China;
Department of Sociology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
 
Abstract: Based on the perspective of livelihood ability, Through the in-depth interviews with 105 poverty alleviation relocation of migrants in inhospitable areas in M town, this paper, starting with type comparison, reveals the internal differences of resilience construction of poverty alleviation relocation of migrants in inhospitable areas. It is found that, limited by the differences of livelihood ability structure, they respectively adopted the livelihood strategies of short distance swing, long distance swing and mixed swing to cope with poverty, and presented different resilience actions and constructed different types of resilience. The part-time farmers constructed survivability resilience, pure migrant workers constructed developmental resilience, the combination of agriculture and industry constructed healthful resilience. The different combination relations among the various elements of the livelihood ability structure are the essential reason for the differentiated resilience of poverty alleviation relocation of migrants in inhospitable areas.
 
Key words: livelihood ability; type comparison; survivability resilience; developmental resilience; healthful resilience
 
 
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