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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年07月第26卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)04-0172-08
 
关于颜之推丙子岁(556)“自陕奔邺”之行
 
吴光兴
 
(中国社会科学院文学研究所,北京,100732)
 
摘  要: 江陵覆亡之后,被西魏掳至关中的颜之推,为了返回南朝故国的一线希望,举家冒死自西魏弘农郡(陕州)夜渡黄河砥柱天险,由水路投奔北齐邺都,史称“勇决”。具体缘由、时间、路线等细节均有待疏通、辨析、考证。对于“江陵高伟”的发现,则具有社会史意义。反思颜氏相关诗、赋作品的史料价值,亦可增进对于中古文学文体观念的认识。
 
关键词: 颜之推; 自陕奔邺; 《观我生赋》; 中古黄河水路; 砥柱天险
 
 
About YAN Zhitui’s journey from Shanzhou to Ye in 556 A. D.
 
WU Guangxing
 
(Institute of Literature, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100732, China)
 
Abstract: After the fall of Jiangling, YAN Zhitui was abducted to Guanzhong by the Western Wei troops. He risked taking his family from Hongnong (Shanzhou) in the Western Wei Dynasty to the capital of Ye in the Northern Qi Dynasty by sailing down the Yellow River and crossing the dangerous Dizhu Mount in the River at night, just in the vague hope that he could one day return to his homeland in the Southern Dynasty. This journey was known as "the brave & resolute". Specific details of this journey such as the reason, time, route and the like are still waiting to be dredged, analyzed and verified. The discovery of "Gaowei from Jiangling" is of social historical significance. Reflecting on the historical value of Yan's relevant poems and fu works can also enhance the understanding of the concept of middle ancient literary genre.
 
Key words: Yan Zhitui; from Shanzhou to Ye; Guanwosheng fu; the Yellow River waterway in the middle period; Dizhu Mount
 
 
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