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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年03月第26卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)02-0192-08
 
狄奥尼修斯对修昔底德撰史特点的评论
 
安凤仙
 
(北京师范大学历史学院,北京,100875)
 
摘  要: 修昔底德的撰史特点是研究古希腊史学的重要切入点。《伯罗奔尼撒战争史》是修昔底德的代表作,体现出他的撰史风格。公元前1世纪,历史学家和修辞学家狄奥尼修斯从历史和修辞两方面对修昔底德《伯罗奔尼撒战争史》的撰史特点作出了评论。现代学者多从修辞学角度认知狄奥尼修斯对修昔底德的评论。然而,狄奥尼修斯以历史学家的身份对修昔底德作出的肯定与批评同样值得关注。他结合自身实践及所处的时代背景,在其历史学作品《罗马古事纪》中,提出与修昔底德不同的撰史标准。他的历史作品是他的修辞学理论的例证。狄奥尼修斯对修昔底德的评论表明二者在撰史风格上的差异,对深入研究古希腊史学具有重要意义。
 
关键词: 狄奥尼修斯;修昔底德;撰史特点;评论
 
 
Dionysius’ comments on the characteristics of Thucydides’ historiography
 
AN Fengxian
 
(School of History, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
 
Abstract: The characteristics of Thucydides’ historiography are important entry points for studying the ancient Greek historiography. The History of the Peloponnesian War is Thucydides' masterpiece, and reflects his style of writing. In the 1st century B.C., Dionysius, a historian and rhetorician, commented on the characteristics of Thucydides’ historiography The History of the Peloponnesian War from both historical and rhetorical aspects. Many modern scholars recognized Dionysius’ comments on Thucydides from the perspective of rhetoric. However, Dionysius’ affirmation of and criticism at Thucydides as a historian are equally worth paying attention to. Combining his own practices and the historical background, he proposed different standards of historiography from Thucydides in his historical work Roman Antiquities, which exemplifies his rhetorical theory. Dionysius’ comments on Thucydides reflected the differences in their styles of historiography, which is of great significance to the in-depth study of ancient Greek historiography.
 
Key words: Dionysius; Thucydides; characteristics of historiography; comments
 
 
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