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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年11月第25卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)06-0128-08
 
社会组织参与的影响机制研究——基于社会关系网络、信任结构与参与类型的实证分析
 
潘泽泉,谢琰
 
(中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 基于中国综合社会调查的数据,以居民社会组织参与的影响机制为议题,研究社区居民的社会关系网络规模、社会信任结构(差序格局属性)、社会参与类型(公共事务性参与、公益性参与)预测变量对居民社会组织参与行为的影响机制。通过多元回归模型分析发现:公共事务性参与、公益性参与和社会关系网络规模在促进社会组织参与行为发生方面存在非均衡性效应,其中公益性参与的促进效应最大,社会关系网络规模次之,公共事务性参与的促进作用最小;社会信任结构中的差序格局属性在社会组织参与中影响不显著。数据分析和理论解释模型说明,居民社会组织参与正在由传统、被动的行政性议题及体制性参与向社会性议题及公益性、自发性参与变迁,由传统封闭单一的公共事务领域逐渐向开放及多元化方向演进,作为传统性的中国社会特殊主义的信任结构(差序格局)对人的行为和心理的影响不再显著,体现了中国社会正在从传统性走向现代性。公共事务性参与、公益性参与和人际关系网络规模的提升和扩大都有助于社区居民的社会组织参与,可以通过提高居民公共参与的公益属性,扩大其人际关系网络规模及培育现代社会信任水平以促进社区居民的社会组织参与。
 
关键词: 社会组织参与;社会关系网络;社会信任结构;参与属性
 
 
Research on the influence mechanism of social organization participation:Empirical analysis based on social relationship network, trust structure and participation type
 
PAN Zequan, XIE Yan
 
(School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Based on the data generated from Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS2012), taking the influence mechanism of the participation of residents' social organizations as the topic, this paper studies the influence mechanism of predictive variables on the participation behavior of residents' social organizations, such as the scale of social relations network of community residents, the structure of social trust (the attribute of difference order pattern), and the type of social participation (public affairs participation, public welfare participation). Through the analysis of multivariate regression model, it is found that the participation of public affairs, the participation of public welfare and the scale of social relations network have unbalanced effects in promoting the participation of social organizations, among which the promotion effect of public welfare participation is the largest, followed by the scale of social relations network, and the promotion effect of public affairs participation is the smallest, while the attribute of difference order pattern in the structure of social trust has no significant influence on the participation of social organizations. The model of data analysis and theoretical interpretation shows that the participation of residents' social organizations is changing from traditional and passive administrative issues and institutional participation to social issues and public welfare and spontaneous participation. And at the same time, while gradually changing from the single and closed traditional field of public affairs to open and diversified direction, the influence of trust structure (difference order pattern) of Chinese social specialism as a tradition on human behavior and psychology is no longer significant, which reflects that Chinese society is evolving from tradition to modernity. The promotion and expansion of the public affairs participation, the public welfare participation and the interpersonal network scale all contribute to the participation of the social organizations of the community residents, and the social organization participation of community residents can be promoted by improving the public welfare attribute of residents' public participation, expanding the scale of residents' interpersonal network and improving the level of trust in modern society.
 
Key words: participation of social organizations; social relationship network; social trust structure; participation attribute
 
 
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