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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年11月第25卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)06-0076-10
 
秦汉律令性质及其关系新解
 
肖洪泳
 
(湖南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410082)
 
摘  要: 秦汉时期是中国古代帝制政治的确立时期,也是律令体系的发轫时期。由于法家思想“明主治吏不治民”这一专制主张的深刻影响,作为“正罪名”的律所具有的普遍规范性质,正是通过“存事制”的令使其得以具体变化和适用的。秦汉时期的律令性质及其关系,不仅深刻折射出中国古代帝制政治的基本特点,而且全面影响了中国后世历代王朝律令体系的发展变化。
 
关键词: 秦汉;律令;睡虎地秦简;张家山汉简;岳麓秦简
 
 
On the nature and the relationship of the ‘lv’ and ‘ling’ of Qin and Han Dynasties
 
XIAO Hongyong
 
(School of Law, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China)
 
Abstract: Qin and Han Dynasties is the period when China ancient imperial politics was established, and was also the beginning period when the system of the ‘lv’ and ‘ling’ originated. Deeply influenced by an autocratic proposition that wise monarch only administers his government officials rather than his common people, which was advocated by Legalists, the quality of universal norms possessed by ‘lv’ as the law ‘stipulating charge’ received its concrete application and variations through the ‘ling’ as the law ‘conserving existing model’. The nature and relationship of the ‘lv’ and ‘ling’ in Qin and Han Dynasties not only profoundly reflects the basic characteristics of ancient Chinese imperial politics, but also has fully influenced the change and development of the system of the ‘lv’ and ‘ling’ of successive dynasties in ancient China.
 
Key words: Qin and Han Dynasties; the ‘lv’ and ‘ling’; Shuihudi Qin slips; Zhangjiashan Han slips; Qin slips collected by Yuelu Academy
 
 
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