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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年07月第25卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)04-0128-08
 
从民间文艺到革命号角:中国共产党对乡村艺人的改造(1937—1949)
 
张屹1,2,徐家林3
 
(1.上海财经大学马克思主义学院,上海,200433;
2. 西南科技大学马克思主义学院,四川绵阳,621010;
3. 华东政法大学马克思主义学院,上海,200042)
 
摘  要: 以文艺宣传革命,以民众动员民众,是中国共产党胜利领导新民主主义革命的特色和优势。在历经曲折的革命进程中,特别是抗日战争时期,党逐步认识到乡村艺人具有的独特的革命动员功能。通过对乡村艺人从身体到思想的彻底改造,党把乡村艺人转变成为革命服务的“文艺新人”。借助“文艺新人”的文艺创演,教育了广大乡村民众,动员起无数劳苦大众支持、拥护甚至直接参与到党领导的民族民主革命之中。乡村文艺及其“文艺新人”的创演活动,发挥了重要的革命动员功能,如同革命号角,唤起了人民大众的革命意识和革命热情,为新民主主义革命胜利做出了独特贡献。
 
关键词: 中国共产党;乡村艺人;政治改造;革命动员
 
 
From folk arts to revolutionary horn: Remolding of rural artists by CPC (1937—1949)
 
ZHANG Yi1,2,  XU Jialin3
 
(1. School of Marxism, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China; 
2. School of Marxism, SouthWest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China;
3. School of Marxism, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 200042, China)
 
Abstract: Spreading revolution and mobilizing people through literature and arts is the characteristics and advantage for the Communist Party of China to lead successfully the new democratic revolution. In the zigzag process of revolution, especially in Anti-Japanese War, the Party gradually came to realize that folk artists have unique function in revolutionary mobilization. By remolding folk artists completely both physically and ideologically, the Party creatively transformed the folk artists to "new literary and artistic people" for revolutionary service. And by means of exhibition of the works of "new literary and artistic figures", the Party succeeded in educating extensive rural people, mobilizing numerous suffering masses who turned to support, favor and even take an direct part in the national and democratic revolution. Rural arts and the artists' creations and performances extended an important function in revolutionary mobilization, which, like a revolutionary horn, invoked the revolutionary consciousness and passion of the common people, hence making unique contributions to the success of new democratic revolution.
 
Key words: Communist Party of China; rural artists; political remolding; revolutionary mobilization
 
 
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