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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年03月第25卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)02-0105-09
 
马克思共同体思想与人类命运共同体建构研究
 
刘方平
 
(中南大学马克思主义学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 马克思认为,共同体的组建要依靠自由人的有效联合,消灭人的异化是共同体的功能属性,而这些只有在共产主义阶段才能实现。一种新的理论假设认为,共同体有初级阶段和高级阶段之分。经过论证,人类命运共同体是马克思共同体思想初级阶段的组织形态,国家的自由联合是人类命运共同体的组建方法。新时代中国推动构建人类命运共同体要注意它处于共同体初级阶段的现实,既要推进国家联合又要兼顾个人联合;既要确保整体安全又要保障个体安全;既要追求共同繁荣又要避免个体治理失败;既要维护国家之间的和平友爱,又要倡导各国人民之间的人文交流;既要注意生态保护,又要努力营造更加清洁美丽的世界。人类命运共同体建构为人类社会朝着马克思“自由人联合体”的高级阶段过渡提供重要的基础保障。
 
关键词: 马克思;共同体;国家;人类命运共同体
 
 
On Marx's thoughts of community and the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind
 
Liu Fangping
 
(School of Marxism, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Marx believes that the establishment of the community should rely on the effective combination of free people, and that the elimination of human alienation is the functional attribute of the community, which, however, can only be achieved at the communist stage. A new theoretical hypothesis holds that there are primary and advanced stages in a community. Verification shows that the community with a shared future for mankind is the organizational form of the primary stage of Marx's thoughts of community, and that free association of nations is the way to build a community of Shared future for mankind. In the new era, China, in promoting the building of a community of shared future for mankind, needs to pay attention to the fact that it is at the primary stage of building a community, that safety of both the nation and the individual must be ensured, that common prosperity must be pursued on condition that individual governance failure be avoided, that peace and love between states must be maintained on condition that people-to-people cultural exchanges be advocated, and that environmental protection must be paid attention to build a cleaner and more beautiful world. The construction of a community of shared future for mankind provides an important basic guarantee for the human society to march forward to the advanced stage of Marx's "free man association".
 
Key words: Marx; nations; a community with a shared future for mankind
 
 
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