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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2018年09月第24卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览1958次    下载1121次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2018)05-0067-07
 
环境权实践困境的经济学解释
 
梁忠
 
(北京大学法学院,北京,100871)
 
摘  要: 虽然环境权在立法层面得到了一定程度的肯定,但是在司法层面却遭到了较为普遍的否定。在经济学的视角下,环境权未能在司法实践中得以适用的主要原因在于存在界权成本高、未满足环境利用效率要求以及救济成本高等缺陷。环境权的提出对于唤起全社会的环保意识,进而推动环境保护工作的发展具有重要的意义。但是,环境权无法作为建构环境保护法律制度的基石,也难以为具体的环境保护法律制度的设计提供有效的指导。环境权所表征的价值目标应予以承认,但是环境权的工具价值却微乎其微。
 
关键词: 环境权;经济学解释;界权成本;利益最大化;救济成本
 
 
Economic explanation of practical dilemma of environmental rights
 
LIANG Zhong
 
(School of Law, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)
 
Abstract: The environmental rights, although affirmed to a certain extent at the legislative level, have been more generally denied at the judicial level. Judging from the perspective of economics, the main reasons why environmental rights cannot be applied in judicial practice lie in such deficiencies as the high cost of defining the boundary of environmental rights, the failure to meet the requirements of environmental efficiency and the high cost of relief. The proposal of environmental rights is of great significance to arouse the awareness of environmental protection in the whole society and to promote the development of environmental protection. However, environmental rights cannot serve as the cornerstone of the environmental law system or provide effective guidance for the design of a specific rule. The target value of environmental rights should be recognized, but the instrumental value of environmental rights is negligible.
 
Key words: environmental rights; economic explanation; the cost of defining the boundary of rights; maximize the benefits; the cost of relief
 
 
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