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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年11月第23卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览1734次    下载826次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)06-0192-05
 
身份演变过程中的译者伦理变革
 
单宇,范武邱
 
(中南大学外国语学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 通过探讨译者身份与译者伦理的互证关系,论述译者身份演变过程中译者伦理变革的外在表象及内在理据。译者称谓、译者主体性成为译者伦理变革的外在表象,文本选择、翻译理论、翻译方法、翻译原则与翻译策略的特征成为译者伦理体现的内在理据。语文学时期,译者为“奴仆”,唯主人与原作是从,原作者、统治者为翻译主体,体现译者“奴性”伦理;结构主义语言学时期,译者化身为“女性”,文本为翻译主体,体现译者“妇道”伦理;解构主义时期,译者转身为“创造性叛逆者”“混血儿”,译者终为翻译主体,彰显译者“职业”伦理。
 
关键词: 译者称谓;译者身份演变;译者伦理;伦理映射
 
 
Translator’s ethic reflection with changing of translator’s identity
 
SHAN Yu, FAN Wuqiu
 
(School of Foreign Languages, Central South University, Changsha 410083,China)
 
Abstract: By probing the mutual relationship between translator’s identity and translator’s ethics with the historical development, the present essay discusses the external representation and internal reasons of translator's ethic reflection in the evolving process of translator’s identity. The translator's appellation and subjectivity constitute the external representations of the translator’s ethics, and the text selection, translation theory, translation methods, translation principles and translation strategies are the internal reasons. At the Philology Age, translators were recognized as “servants,” who were required to be faithful to their “masters,” that is, the original works and the rulers. Such is the reflection of the servility ethics. At the stage of Linguistics, translators attached more importance to “how to be faithful,” with their identities being regarded as “female.” Women’s ethics has been the dominant ethics which the translators followed. And in Deconstruction period, translation studies turn to such ethical issues as “creative treasurers” and “blendlinge,” in which the translator finally becomes the subject, hence manifesting his professional ethics as a translator.
 
Key words: translator’s appellation; translator’s identity; translator’s ethic; ethic-reflection
 
 
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