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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年11月第23卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)06-0015-06
 
从舍浊求净到浊净双遣——论禅宗禅法思想之演进
 
汪韶军
 
(海南大学人文传播学院,海南海口,570228)
 
摘  要: 禅宗工夫论有一个从离妄归真,到即妄归真,再到无真可求、无妄可断的发展历程。早期禅宗与北宗主要破“浊边过患”,因而强调离妄归真,讲求拂的过程与定的工夫。而破除“浊边过患”不是南宗的特色所在,南宗主要讲“净边过患”,力破真妄之分及舍妄归真的修行方式。他们强化并贯彻般若空观,把一般禅僧所执着寻求的“净边物事”架空,防止对“净”的执着以及禅修实践上的沉空滞寂。南宗实则是把“浊边过患”与“净边过患”同时打掉,既不贪着于世间利益,也不执着于“净边物事”,从而达到彻底的不二中道、无分别、无取舍。
 
关键词: 禅宗;般若空观;不二中道;“浊边过患”;“净边过患”
 
 
From abandoning Zhuo and pursuing Jing to  dispelling both Zhuo and Jing: On the evolution of Zen Buddhist Thoughts
 
WANG Shaojun
 
(College of Humanities & Communication, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China)
 
Abstract: Zen Buddhism of cultivation has such a development course: Firstly, it insists on turning away from Wang (妄) back to Zhen (真); then, it holds returning to Zhen without abandoning Wang; and finally, it emphasizes that there is neither Zhen to pursue nor Wang to abandon. The early Zen Buddhism and the Northern Zen mainly break away from harmfulness of Zhuo (浊), hence stressing the process of dusting and the effort of dhyãna. However, banishing harmfulness of Zhuo is not what the Southern Zen focuses on. They mainly remind us of the harmfulness of Jing (净), so they are opposed to distinguishing Zhen from Wang, and endeavor to stop sekha from abandoning Wang to return to so-called Zhen. The Southern Zen reinforces prajnã, carries it through to the end, and consequently undermines the so-called Jing which sekha persistently seeks. By doing so, they prevent sekha from clinging onto the so-called Jing and being addicted to emptiness in meditation practice. Actually, the Southern Zen simultaneously banishes the harm of both Zhuo and Jing. They neither attach themselves to secular interests, nor do they pursue the so-called Jing. Therefore, they attain complete madhyamā-pratipad: no differentiating, no admiring or detesting.
 
Key words: Zen Buddhism; prajnã; madhyamā-pratipad; harmfulness of Zhuo; harmfulness of Jing
 
 
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