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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年09月第23卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)05-0166-05
 
曹植拟乐府的创作模式及其诗歌史意义——汉魏六朝诗歌传播研究之六
 
吴大顺
 
(广西师范大学文学院,广西桂林,541004)
 
摘  要: 曹植拟乐府存在“拟调”和“拟篇”两种方式。他在“拟篇”中大胆创新,突破乐府诗的音乐限制,突出乐府诗的文本特征和文人情结,为文人徒诗在立意、谋篇和抒情言志等方面提供了成功经验和范式,进一步巩固了“建安风骨”的文坛地位,从而完成了中国诗歌从“应歌”到“作诗”的转移,还创建了文人拟乐府的基本模式,为西晋傅玄、陆机等文人拟乐府提供了参照。曹植“拟乐府”的创新,又是以建安时期诗歌的文本传播和文人结集之风的兴起为背景的,“建安风骨”发生、发展、形成及其在文坛确认的历史进程刚好处于中国文化传播媒介由简帛为主向纸张为主的大转变时期,纸张书写的兴起,为文学传播提供了媒介基础,有效刺激了诗歌的文本传播和文人结集之风。
 
关键词: 曹植;拟乐府;模式;文本传播;范式
 
 
The creation and propagation modes of imitation of Yue Fu from Cao Zhi
 
WU Dashun
 
(School of Liberal Arts, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China)
 
Abstract: There are two modes in Cao Zhi's imitation of Yue Fu: imitation of music and imitation of article. He intentionally breaks through the music limitation of Yue Fu poetry, boldly innovates in the imitation of article, emphasizes the papery characteristics and literati complex of Yue Fu poetry, and provides creation templates on concept, plan, and expression for literati. All of those further strengthen the role of vigorous style of Jian An, and finally realize the transformation for Chinese poems from being in response to song to create poems. The innovations of imitation of Yue Fu by Cao Zhi is dependent on the papery propagation of poems at Jian An period and the rise of literati gathering habit. The historical process for vigorous style of Jian An from birth, development, maturity on literature conforms with the transitional period for Chinese culture propagation main media from bamboos slip to paper. The emergence of paper provides media bassis for literature propagation, and spurs the papery propagation of poe, ms at Jian An period and literati gathering habit.
 
Key words: Cao Zhi; imitation of Yue Fu; model; papery propagation; template
 
 
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