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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年09月第23卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览1795次    下载889次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)05-0152-08
 
基于DEA模型的中小学校园设施安全风险评估研究
 
高山,凌双
 
(中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 选取2013年中国30个省份(除西藏、台湾及港澳地区外)的中小学校园设施安全的省际数据为样本,综合运用两阶段Bootstrap-DEA模型和聚类分析方法,测算我国校园设施安全风险水平。结果表明:我国中小学校园设施安全风险总体上呈现出“东北地区>东部地区>中部地区>西部地区”的趋势,且各地区之间风险水平呈现明显的差异性。准确衡量各地区中小学校园设施安全风险,有利于推动中小学校园设施安全从“粗放型”预防向“精准性”预防转变,以便制定出符合各地区实际情况的短期及中长期的校园设施安全管理政策。
 
关键词: 中小学;校园设施安全;风险评估;Bootstrap-DEA模型;聚类分析
 
 
Campus facilities safety risk assessment research for primary and secondary schools: Based on DEA model
 
GAO Shan, LING Shuang
 
(School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The present essay took Bootstrap-DEA model and clustering analysis method to process the original data from 30 provinces (except Tibet, Taiwan and Hong Kong and Macao regions) to measure the campus security risk level. The conclusion was drawn as follows. In general, the safety risk of primary and secondary schools in China presented an overall pattern of Northeast>Eastern China>Central China>>West China, and there was great difference among 30 provinces about campus safety risk. It would be beneficial to promote the campus safety management mode of preventing accidents from the mode of “extensive pattern” to that of “precision pattern,” and the education departments of various regions also can set short-term and medium-and-long-term policy for the campus security management by accurately weighing the safety risk level of primary and secondary schools in China.
 
Key words: primary and secondary schools; campus facilities safety; risk assessment; Bootstrap-DEA model; cluster analysis
 
 
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