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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年05月第23卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)03-0191-08
 
“第+数/数字串+名”的语义要素分析
 
王霞
 
(怀化学院文学与新闻传播学院,湖南怀化,418000)
 
摘  要: 从序数的语义构成来看,“第+数/数字串+名”的语义要素包括排序集合、排序对象、排序参照、排序视角、排序结果和排序序列。它的排序集合必须是社会化程度较高的人、事、物;排序对象多数是序数表达式名词性成分所指对象中的成员,少数是与名词性成分所指对象相似的其他对象;排序参照主要是命名编号和混合参照,少数是属性评价地位参照;排序视角主要是单比、单层、顺向排序;排序序列有逐一排序型和部分列举型两大类。另外,该序数表达式还具有指称性和命名性。
 
关键词: 序数;“第+数/数字串+名”;语义要素
 
 
Semantic elements of “di + numeral/numeral string+noun (phrase)”
 
WANG Xia
 
(School of Chinese Literature and Journalism Communication, Huaihua University, Huaihua 418000, China)
 
Abstract: In the semantic construction of “di + numeral/numeral string+noun (phrase)”, semantic elements include ordering set, ordering object, ordinal reference, ordering perspective, ordering result and ordering sequence. Ordering set must be highly socialized people or things. Most of ordering objects are members which NP refers to, and a few are similar to members which NP refers to. Ordinal references are mainly naming number identifier and mixed reference, and a few are status of attribute evaluation. Ordering perspectives are mainly comparisons between individuals, single-layer order, forward order. Ordering sequences have total ordering and part ordering. In addition, the ordinal expression has reference and naming function.
 
Key words: ordinal; di + numeral/numeral string + noun (phrase); semantic element
 
 
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