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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年05月第23卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)03-0129-06
 
论中国民族国家构建过程中的边疆整合
 
孙保全
 
(云南大学公共管理学院,云南昆明,650091)
 
摘  要: 中国传统的疆域格局是异质性的,在“核心—边缘”二分视野下,边疆形态是碎片化的。在近代以来的民族国家构建过程中,边疆治理的核心课题就是按照民族国家一体化特质,将这种碎片化边疆转换为整体性边疆。这种边疆整合工程在晚清以后逐步开启,并在民国时期得以推进。其中,主权体制建设导致边疆形态领土化,中华民族建构促使边疆归属一体化,地方制度变革推动边疆政治均质化。新中国成立标志着中国民族国家构建的总体完成,随着边疆领土属性的确立,政治制度的统一,以及社会文化的彻底改造,一种整体性的边疆形态由此基本成形。
 
关键词: 民族国家;边疆治理;边疆整合;主权;中华民族
 
 
On the frontier integration in the process of constructing China as a nation-state
 
SUN Baoquan
 
(School of Public Administration, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China)
 
Abstract: The traditional territory pattern is heterogeneous in China. From the binary perspective of “core-periphery”, the traditional frontier form is fragmented. In the process of constructing a nation-state in the modern times, the core issue of frontier administration is to transform the fragmented frontier into integral frontier according to the requirement of nation-state integration. This kind of frontier integration project starts from the late Qing Dynasty, and it is promoted in the Republic of China. Among them, the construction of sovereignty system leads to the territorial form of the frontier; Chinese nation building to promote the integration of frontier entitlement; and the local institutional system reform to promote the homogenization of the frontier politics. The founding of new China marks the overall completion of the nation-state construction. With the establishment of frontier territorial attribute, the unified political system, and the complete transformation of social culture, the integrated form of frontier is basically formed.
 
Key words: nation-sate; frontier governance; frontier integration; sovereignty; Chinese nation
 
 
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