自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年12月第21卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览1696次    下载3168次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2015)06-0034-08
 
美国合同法上的口头证据规则
 
杨志利
 
(沈阳大学思政部,辽宁沈阳,110044)
 
摘  要: 口头证据规则仅适用于整合合同确认之后,表明在整合合同之前或与之同时的口头证据不得与合同相抵触,也不得补充完全整合合同。口头证据规则排除了对事实的证明,是合同实体法规则,而不是证据法规则。口头证据规则的目的在于确定整合合同中当事人意思的法律效力,它的适用限制是因为超出了它的目的范围。口头证据规则有利于激励当事人协商整合合同,有助于减少诉讼成本,我国民法典应予借鉴。
 
关键词: 口头证据规则;整合合同;实体法;合同解释
 
 
On the parol evidence rule of American Contract Law
 
YANG Zhili
 
(School of Marxism, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, China)
 
Abstract: The parol evidence rule is only applicable after the confirmation of an integrated agreement. It denies operative effect to parol agreements that are contradictory to the integration, and the evidence of a consistent additional term is admissible to supplement an integrated agreement unless the court finds that the agreement has been completely integrated. The parol evidence rule precludes the facts to prove, so it is the rules of contract substantive law rather than the evidence. Because the parol evidence rule aims to determine the legal effect of the meaning of the contract parties, it does not determine vagueness or ambiguity of contract terms. The parol evidence rule encourages parties to write an integrated contract and helps to reduce litigation costs. So, Chinese civil code should attach great importance to it.
 
Key words: parol evidence rule; integrated agreement; Substantive Law; contract interpretation
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4