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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年04月第22卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2016)02-0061-06
 
公诉案件被害人参与诉讼的现实困境及解决路径
 
袁小文
 
(岳阳市中级人民法院,湖南岳阳,414000)
 
摘  要: 理论界倡导保护被害人权利无可非议,但在主张通过提高被害人在公诉案件中的参与度来保障时,却遭遇了难以逾越的利害关系、难以承受的审理负担、难以解决的角色矛盾、难以判断的被害身份等诸多困境。这些困境主要是公诉案件诉讼功能的双重化、身份认识的简单化导致的。纯化公诉案件刑事诉讼功能,必须以被害人权利得到充分保护为前提,完善附带民事诉讼、完善司法救助制度可以有效保护被害人权利,并能将被害人参与公诉案件限制在合理的限度内。
 
关键词: 公诉案件;被害人参与诉讼;诉讼功能;参与限度
 
 
The practical predicaments and solutions: On the victims’ participation in public-prosecuting criminal cases
 
YUAN Xiaowen
 
(Intermediate People’s Court of Yueyang City, Yueyang 414000, China)
 
Abstract: It is justifiable for theorists to advocate protecting victims’ rights, but numerous predicaments arise in practice in protecting them by enhancing victims’ participation in public-prosecuting criminal cases. Predicaments include insurmountable contradictions between victims’ desires and the aim of public-prosecuting criminal cases, the unbearable burdens of public hearing, the victims’ contradictory roles difficult to solve, and the victims’ identities hard to identify. These problems are caused by the double functions of the public-prosecuting criminal cases and simplification of cognition of victims. The solutions to these problems lie in improving incidental civil action and judicial relief system. Purifying the functions of the public-prosecuting criminal cases must be based on full protection of the victims’ rights, perfection of affiliated civilian lawsuits and judicial relief system so as as to protect effectively the victims’ rights, and the reasonable control of the victims’ participation in public-prosecuting criminal cases.
 
Key words: public-prosecuting criminal cases; victims’ participation; function of criminal trial; control of participation
 
 
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