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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年04月第22卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览1457次    下载1189次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2016)02-0051-10
 
我国民事一审撤诉的程序设计研究
 
李潇潇
 
(北京大学法学院,北京,100871)
 
摘  要: 基于我国一审撤诉率的持续畸高、法院对于撤诉过于高涨的制度偏好以及被告在撤诉制度空间内应然权利的完全架空,应当根据我国撤诉制度的实践运行特征及制度理念对我国民事一审撤诉制度设置予以理性矫正。合理的思路是赋予原告从立案到判决生效前的完整撤诉申请权,创设被告对于原告申请撤诉的程序性对抗权,此外,应当明确法院对于撤诉事项的心证公开义务,以达致撤诉制度场域内的权利横平以及撤诉制度的正当化运行。
 
关键词: 民事一审;撤诉;法官职权;当事人合意
 
 
On system design of first instance civil withdrawal in China
 
LI Xiaoxiao
 
(School of Law, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)
 
Abstract: Based on persistently high rate of first instance civil withdrawal, the court’s obvious preference of civil withdrawal application and complete negligence of the defendant’s rights in withdrawal, the present essay believes that first instance civil withdrawal in China should be reasonaly rectified according to the practice and system ideas of Chinese withdrawal system. Reasonable thoughts include endowing the plaintiff with the right of withdrawal application during the period from the court, accepting the case to the verdict coming into force, creating the right of withdrawal agreement for the defendant, and clearing inner conviction disclosure obligations of the judge so as to achieve right balance in the withdrawal system field and proper operation of withdrawal system.
 
Key words: first civil instance; accusation withdrawal; authority of judge; agreement both parties
 
 
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