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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年04月第22卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2016)02-0024-06
 
论微信舆论的自由难题和伦理限度
 
李丽
 
(东南大学人文学院哲学与科学系,江苏南京,211189)
 
摘  要: 微信这款新兴的社交工具形式上为其受众群带来了全所未有的“表达自由”,促进民间舆论逐渐从“被时代”走向了“我时代”。但微信舆论场中却自动生成了信息中下阶层的自由难题:微信舆论场中信息中下阶层的自由不能获得保障和无力反抗利益集团及不法分子的信息资源控制。其归因于信息中下阶层基本生存权益保障的失位、信息中下阶层道德文化建设的缺位以及有利于人的全面发展的社会环境的空位。所以应该“为微信舆论立法”,确立微信舆论的伦理限度。应秉承以真实性原则为首要原则、以不伤害原则为核心原则、以良知原则为延伸原则和以生命至上原则为根本原则的四项微信舆论伦理基本原则,建立起绿色、和谐、公正、优雅的微信舆论场。
 
关键词: 微信舆论;自由难题;伦理原则;人的自由;信息中下阶层
 
 
On difficulty and ethical limitation of public opinions on WeChat
 
LI Li
 
(School of Humanity, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China)
 
Abstract: WeChat, as a new social communication tool, brings an unprecedented freedom of expression and causes a change from “era of passive tense” to “era of ego.” But civilian public opinions on WeChat automatically generate the difficulty of freedom that middle-lower classes in information can not be protected in the freedom and are often powerless to resist the control from interest groups and criminals. It owes to the lack of the protection of existence rights, absence of construction of moral culture in information-lower-middle class and vacancy in social environment which is essentially beneficial to all-round development of human beings. Therefore, it is necessary to legislate for public opinions on WeChat and establish ethical limitations, such as authenticity as the primary principle, non-maleficence as the core principle, justice as the scalability principle and respect as the cardinal principle. Only in this way, can a green, harmonious, just and gracious society be set up.
 
Key words: public opinions on WeChat; difficulty of freedom; ethical principle; human freedom; middle-lower classes in information
 
 
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