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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年12月第22卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2016)06-0201-08
 
“风起伶仃”:1937年“9·14”虎门海战再考察
 
杨新新
 
(复旦大学历史学系,上海,200433)
 
摘  要: 民国以降,“闽系”海军把持海军战史编纂话语权。格于派系纠纷,其对“粤系”海军主导之“9·14”虎门海战着墨不多。经初步考证,1937年9月14日,日海军突袭虎门,旨在封锁珠江出入海口,切断海外援华路,并无从海路大举进攻广州之意。是役,虎门要塞炮台与广东海军配合得当,是为中方取得海战胜利之关键。“9·14”海战当日,日方共出动军舰5艘;广东空军曾临空助战。海战中,中方击沉日驱逐舰一艘;而“肇和”舰长方念祖并未“临阵脱逃”,系后来者有意“误记”。
 
关键词: 抗日战争;民国;海军;虎门;海战
 
 
The review of the “9·14” Humen naval battle in 1937
 
YANG Xinxin
 
(Department of History, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
 
Abstract: From the Republic of China, “Fujian Navy” controlled the discourse of Naval History Writing. Because of the faction conflict, the study of Guangdong Navy and “9·14” Humen naval battle was not enough. From historical documents, we could find that in September 14, 1937, the aim that Japanese Navy attacked at Humen was not to capture Canton, but to cut off foreign aid to the Chinese from Hong Kong. For the good cooperation between Humen fortress and Guangdong Navy, China won the naval battle. On the day of the “9·14” naval battle, Japanese Navy dispatched five warships, and Guangdong Air Force also dispatched the combat. In the naval battle, a Japanese Navy destroyer was sunk by Chinese Navy, and the captain of “Zhao-He” Cruiser Fang Nianzu did not run away from the battlefield.
 
Key words: anti-Japanese war; the Republic of China; navy; Humen; naval battle
 
 
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