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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年10月第22卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览2120次    下载729次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2016)05-0175-07
 
汉语方言量词重叠AAA式的韵律特征及焦点凸显
 
耿丽君
 
(南京大学文学院,江苏南京,210046)
 
摘  要: 作为一种构形重叠,量词AAA式主要分布在山东、江苏、安徽等地的胶辽官话、中原官话、江淮官话及其紧邻的吴方言,呈明显的地域类型学特征。这类重叠式是独立的载调单元,属于节奏型变调,受语流中的节奏、语调等韵律因素影响,是句法、形态与语用互动的结果。AAA式重叠是由超音步构成的韵律词,受不同韵律规则制约,形成韵律特征各异的韵律模块。从音高和时长的凸显实验出发,探讨这类AAA式韵律词作为焦点重音的韵律实现,分析其韵律边界特征;发现其主要是由音域扩展、等时控制和(边界后)韵母段延长的方式,来实现其内部节奏和外部停延的韵律特征,音高落差和音域变化是主要边界信号。
 
关键词: 汉语方言;量词AAA式重叠;节奏变调;韵律单位;边界信号;焦点凸显
 
 
On prosodic features and focus prominence of classifier reduplication form AAA in Chinese dialects
 
GENG Lijun
 
(School of Liberal Arts, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China)
 
Abstract: As a kind of formation reduplication, the classifier reduplication form AAA is mainly distributed in Jiaoliao Mandarin, Zhongyuan Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin and their contiguous Wu dialect in Shandong, Jiangsu and Anhui provinces, showing significant characteristics in geographical typology. This kind of tone sandhi can be defined as rhythm tone sandhi, which is mainly influenced by the rhythm and intonation in speech flow and results from the interaction between syntax, morphology and pragmatics. The classifier reduplication form AAA, a prosodic word, consisting of super foot and conditioned by different prosodic rules, shapes different prosodic modules in dialects. Starting from the focus prominence experiments of pitch and duration, the present essay also discusses the prosodic realization of the classifier reduplication form AAA as focus stresses, and analyzes its prosodic boundary features.
 
Key words: Chinese dialects; classifier reduplication form AAA; rhythm tone sandhi; prosodic unit; boundary symbol; focus prominence
 
 
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