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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年10月第22卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2016)05-0013-05
 
“绝地天通”:解释史的考察及评析
 
章林
 
(安庆师范大学政治学院,安徽安庆,246133)
 
摘  要: 历史上对“绝地天通”的解释发生了三次解释范式的转变。第一次是《国语》中的观射父解释,具有春秋时期人文主义的色彩,以人事解释神话。第二次是宋明思想家的解释,表现出当时士大夫自我意识觉醒的时代状况。第三次是现当代思想家的解释,他们借鉴西方人类学关于原始思维的理论,把“绝地天通”放到人类思维-宗教发展的一般历史当中进行考察。每一次解释范式的转变都是对这个事件认识的一次深化,但每种解释又都受到特殊的时代精神的影响,从而也会出现偏离。
 
关键词: 绝地天通;解释范式;时代精神;原始思维
 
 
“Separating exchanges between man and the heaven”: Inspections and comments in hermeneutic history
 
ZHANG Lin
 
(School of Politics, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246133, China)
 
Abstract: There have been three changes in hermeneutic paradigms of “Separating Exchanges between Man and the Heaven” event in history. The first was when Guan Shefu interpreted this myth from human perspective, which was then full of humanist spirit, as recorded in Mandarin. The second was that thinkers in Song and Ming dynasties expressed the awakening of self-consciousness in Chinese literati classics. The third was that some Chinese modern thinkers used western anthropology theories about primitive thinking and put the event into the general history of religion and humankind. Every change of paradigm was a further cognization of this event, but was deviated since every explanation was affected by the spirit of the time.
 
Key words: separating exchanges between man and the heaven; hermeneutic paradigms; spirit of the time; primitive thinking
 
 
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