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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年06月第21卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)03-0158-10
 
利益表达渠道与民众弱势心理产生的影响机制实证研究
 
赵书松,文慧洁
 
(中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 民众弱势心理是目前理论界和实践界共同关注的热点问题。研究基于社会比较理论以探讨利益表达渠道与民众弱势心理产生的影响机制。分层回归分析证实,利益表达渠道不完善对民众弱势心理产生具有显著正向作用。利益表达渠道不完善通过公平感、相对剥夺感的部分中介作用间接影响民众弱势心理的产生。主动性人格对利益表达渠道不完善和民众弱势心理关系的调节作用不显著。我们可通过完善利益表达渠道,有效降低民众的弱势心理感知。灵活使用多种管理策略,干预民众弱势心理,重视增强民众公平感,降低其相对剥夺感。
 
关键词: 利益表达渠道;弱势心理;公平感;相对剥夺感
 
 
Empirical research on the influencingmechanism of the interests expression channels andpopulace’s vulnerable mentality
 
ZHAO Shusong, WEN Huijie
 
(School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Thepopulace’s vulnerable mentality is a hot topic in both the theoretical field and the practical world. Based on the social comparison theory, the essay analyzes the interests expression channels and the influencing mechanism of the populace’s vulnerable mentality. Through an analysis of hierarchical regression, it is shown that the imperfection of interests expression channels could exert a noticeableeffect on the development of the populace’s vulnerable mentality, which is done directly through the mediating effect of sense of fairness and sense of relative deprivation. Proactive personality does not have significant effect on the adjustment between imperfect interests expression channels and the populace’s vulnerable mentality. Through perfect interests expression channels, we could effectively reduce the public’s perception of their vulverable mentality. Flexible application of multiple management strategiescould intervene in the populace’s vulnerable mentality and then reduce the public’s sense of relative deprivation by enhancing their sense of fairness.
 
Key words: interests expression channels; vulnerable mentality; sense of fairness; sense of relative deprivation
 
 
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