自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2009年02月第15卷第1期
   
本文已被:浏览2481次    下载557次   在线阅读553
文章编号:1672-3104(2009)01−0094−09
 
义务教育公平与均衡发展:一个公共财政的分析范式
 
姚金海
 
(武汉大学社会保障研究中心,湖北武汉,430072)
 
摘  要: 义务教育事关国民生存和发展,基于义务教育的公共产品属性及其外溢性,国家理应承担起相应的责任,在公正的基础上追求公共利益的最大化。当前我国义务教育存在的问题主要有:公共财政体制框架尚未真正建立;义务教育经费的投入背后存在着中央与地方、地方各层级之间的复杂利益博弈;财政转移支付缺位,义务教育财政责任倒置;以地方政府为投入主体的格局而导致的地区和城乡的不平等。只有在公共财政框架下建立规范的义务教育财政转移支付制度,才是解决我国义务教育经费不足和发展不平衡的根本途径。
 
关键字:  义务教育;公共财政;公共产品
 
 
Fair and balanced development of the compulsory education:
an analysis paradigm of public finance
 
YAO Jinhai
 
(Center of Social Security Research, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract:  Compulsory education is related to national survival and development, Compulsory education is a public good and has external effects, the state should assume corresponding responsibilities, States should pursue the greatest public interest. At present, there are still many problems in China’s compulsory education: the public finance system has yet to really establish the framework; central and local governments are reluctant to assume responsibility for compulsory education, and this phenomenon in performance between different local governments is equally clear; absence of financial transfer payment, financial responsibility for compulsory education Inversion; local governments take the main responsibility for compulsory education, which has resulted in gaps between urban and rural areas. This paper only discusses the framework of public finance and suggests that we should establish a standardized fiscal transfer payment system of compulsory education, and can fundamentally solve the shortage of funds and the problem of unbalanced development.
 
Key words:  compulsory education; public finance; public goods
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号