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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年12月第20卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)06-0271-06
 
家园体验与汉晋纪行赋山水物色的呈现
 
程磊
 
(武汉大学文学院,湖北武汉,430072)
 
摘  要: 羁旅纪行中的价值困境引发向往家园安顿的精神需要,山水作为补偿家园失落的重要文化因素,就成为展现行役之人追询家园的心理流程的典型形式,这也是山水审美依托行旅活动得以萌发产生的重要文化动因。汉晋纪行赋中山水物色的呈现形态,延续着《楚辞》模式中的楚调山水,逐渐发展为重视描写技巧和山水形质美感的山水赋,由对立于家园感的异己形态转变为怡情畅神的亲和形态,这种文体变迁与晋宋山水审美思潮的发展脉络是相应的。从“居”与“游”的角度看,陶、谢田园山水在文化意蕴上的差异,也可以从家园体验这一独特视角找到解释的依据。
 
关键词: 家园体验;汉晋;纪行赋;山水物色;山水审美;描写技巧
 
 
Home experiences and the imagery embodiment of landscape in Jixing Fu of the Han and Jin Dynasties
 
CHENG Lei
 
(College of Chinese Language and literature, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: As a result of the value dilemma in business trip triggering a spirit need for home experience, landscape as an important element to compensate the lost home becomes a typical modality to show the process of how travelers seek spirit home. It is also an important reason for the germination of landscape aesthetic activities in business trip. The imagery embodiment of landscape in Jixing Fu of the Han and Jin Dynasties following the model of Chu Ci and evolves into landscape Fu, shows a converting from contrast to affiliation about home experiences. The change of writing style is corresponding to the wave of landscape aesthetic activities in Six Dynasties. It is also an explanation for the difference between Tao Yuan-ming’s pastoral poems and those of Xie Ling-yun’s.
 
Key words: home experiences; jixingFu; poetry image of landscape
 
 
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