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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年12月第20卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览1505次    下载720次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2014)06-0115-06
 
我国宪法文本之“依照法律”的含义及其内在逻辑
 
林孝文
 
(西南政法大学行政法学院,重庆,401120)
 
摘  要: 我国现行宪法文本中存在着大量的“依照法律”的表述。通过宪法文本的解释方法,可以确定“依照法律”系指“依照全国人大及其常委会制定的规范性法律文件”,从中可以推断出我国宪法的内在逻辑,表明人民代表机关权威最高性和无限性。并由此可以推导出三个结论:人民代表机关无须法律制约;国家机关之间不存在充分的权力制约关系;宪法权利受法律的严格制约。
 
关键词: 依照法律;宪法文本;宪法逻辑;违宪审查;宪法权利
 
 
On the meaning and constitutional logic of “In Accordance With the Law” in China’s constitutional text
 
LIN Xiaowen
 
(School of Administrative Law, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, ChongQing 401120, China)
 
Abstract: According to the analysis of and statistics on the text of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, this paper holds that there are a large number of expressions of “In Accordance With the Law” (IAWL). IAWL can be defined by a literal interpretation method and other methods of constitution in the constitution text. In essence, the constitutional logic of IAWL is that the authority of the representative organ of the people is the highest and unlimited, and it can make all kinds of laws represent the people as if it likes, and asks for the people and other organs to enforce these laws. Three corollaries can be found through the constitutional logic: (1) the representative organ of the people is in the non-constrained state, and law expansion is irresistible; (2) there are not sufficient restrict of power between national organs; and (3) constitutional rights is in the strict constraints of the law.
 
Key words: in accordance with the law; constitutional text; constitutional logic; constitutional review; constitutional rights
 
 
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