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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年10月第20卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览2240次    下载789次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2014)05-0190-08
 
论文学空间批评的美学源流
 
王影君
 
(上海理工大学外语学院,上海,200093)
 
摘  要: 文学空间批评的美学源流历史久远,从希腊古典主义的柏拉图到文艺复兴后的莱辛,到俄国形式主义的巴赫金,再到德国法兰克福学派的本雅明,他们都在不同历史时期为文学空间批评做出了独特的美学贡献。正是借助于诸多的美学源流,并在马克思基本理论基础上,马克思主义都市空间美学才能最终兴起,其代表人物列斐伏尔、福柯和哈维等人引领了空间转向,继而文学中的空间叙事和都市研究引起公众注意,出现所谓的空间批评“新”象。因此,文学的空间批评是空间美学长期发展的历史性成果。
 
关键词: 空间;柏拉图;马克思主义;美学;时空体;都市研究
 
 
On the aesthetic sources of literary spatial criticism
 
WANG Yingjun
 
(School of Foreign Languages, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China)
 
Abstract: The literary spatial criticism has a quite long history of aesthetics. From Greek Plato, to Lessing who lived after the Renaissance, to Bakhtin, a famous Russian formalist, to Benjamin an early Frankfurt Scholar, all of them devoted their particular achievements to the basic aesthetic theory of literary spatial criticism. Deriving from so many persons’ thoughts of the aesthetic theory and based on Marx’s basic spatial idea, the Marxist urban aesthetics made its great building. Then under the leadership of Lefebvre, Foucault and Harvey, the spatial turning happened. Following the spatial turning, the literary spatial narration and the urban study attracted the public notice as a “new” tide. Thus, the literary spatial criticism is a result of the long development in the history of spatial aesthetics.
 
Key words: space; Plato; Marxism; aesthetics; chronotope; urban study
 
 
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