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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年10月第20卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览1766次    下载798次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2014)05-0133-06
 
夫妻债务清偿规则的价值内涵与立法改进
 
冯源
 
(厦门大学法学院,福建厦门,361001)
 
摘  要: 个人债务与共同债务构成了夫妻债务的主要内容,涉及到夫妻双方以及第三方的利益。夫妻债务清偿规则可以理解为总体意义上的体系规则以及部分意义上的对外规则和对内规则。目前,我国立法在体系规则上存在合目的性、合法性和技术理性的缺陷;外部规则上没有建立起以“认定为夫妻共同债务”为原则的统一标准、夫妻个人债务的列举式规定比较陈旧且程序规则存在可供斟酌之处;内部规则上尚未建立完善的夫妻债务清偿之内部追偿机制。因此,文章探索了三大规则所应该具备的价值内涵以及大陆法系代表国家的立法,并为我国立法提出改进建议。
 
关键词: 夫妻债务清偿规则;体系规则;外部规则;内部规则
 
 
On value connotation and legislative improvement of rules to settle the marital debt
 
FENG Yuan
 
(School of Law, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361001, China)
 
Abstract: The marital debt consists of personal debt and jointly debt, which relates to the interests of husband, wife and the third party. The rules to settle the marital debt could be understood to the system rules totally as well as external rules and internal rules partly. Currently, there appear some problems in purposiveness, legality and technical rationality for system rules. As for external rules, it has not built the uniform standard for considering marital joint debts as fundamental rules, and the enumeration of personal debt tends to antiquated and other defects as unreasonable procedural rules. Incrementally, the internal rules have not formulated completely internal recovery rules. Therefore, in view of different value connotations of these three rules, the legislative experience of developed countries in civil law could be drawn on to improve the relevant legislation in China.
 
Key words: the rule of setteling the marital debt; system rules; external rules; internal rules
 
 
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