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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年10月第20卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)05-0119-07
 
由“彭宇案”看裁判诚信与依良心审判——兼谈《民诉法》第13条第1款对法院和法官的适用性
 
唐东楚,李毅
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: “彭宇案”折射了社会的诚信危机和对裁判诚信的期待。《民诉法》第13条第1款诚信原则对法院和法官的“适用性”,包括法律宣示意义上的间接适用与裁判援引意义上的直接适用:前者毋庸置疑但不宜滥用,后者看似很美然功能有限。裁判诚信要求依法尽职裁判、禁止突袭裁判和不得滥用自由裁量权;民诉法诚信原则条款对法院和法官具有诚信引导、解决民诉法“体系违反”、衡平各方诉讼利益、事后惩戒等功能。裁判诚信的本质,是依照法律和程序,在遵循法律原则适用即衡平方法前提下的依良心审判。
 
关键词: 裁判诚信;“彭宇案”;民诉法诚信原则条款;适用性;间接适用;直接适用
 
 
The judicial integrity and judge according to the conscience——on the “applicability” of paragraph 1 of article 13 of  “Civil Procedure Law” to the court and judge
 
TANG Dongchu, LI Yi
 
(School of Law, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The “Peng Yu case” reflects the social good faith crisis and the requirements for judicial integrity. The “applicability” of the principle of good faith on the conduct of the court and judge of Article 13, paragraph 1 of our “Civil Procedure Law” includes the indirect applicability in the sense of law declaration and the direct applicability in the sense of referee quotation: the former is sure but should not be abused, which the latter appears to be very beautiful but with limited functions. The judicial integrity requires due diligence trial according to law, the prohibition of raid trail and the abuse to discretion. The good faith principle of civil procedure has the functions of the orientation of judicial integrity, the integrity resolution of the trial conduct of Civil Procedure “system violates”, the integrity of the interests balance of the parties and the second discipline of dishonest conduct of the trial. By their very nature, judicial integrity is conscientious trail in compliance with due process and the method of applicability of good faith principle.
 
Key words: judicial integrity; “Peng Yu case”; good faith principle article in civil procedure law; applicability; indirect applicability; direct applicability
 
 
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