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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年08月第20卷第4期
   
本文已被:浏览1900次    下载1082次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2014)04-0203-06
 
和战分途:南宋初年的政治转向——以孝宗朝政策迁移为线索
 
董春林
 
(成都师范学院史地与旅游系,四川成都,611130)
 
摘  要: 南宋伊始,宋金和战问题就一直是困扰着南宋政权的时代命题。绍兴十二年缔结的宋金和议,并没有成为维系宋金长久稳定关系的基础。绍兴三十一年,金人单方面撕毁协约南侵,加之随即登基的宋孝宗锐意恢复,宋金战争一度爆发并持续到隆兴元年张浚符离兵溃。在此期间,宋孝宗选人用事并不局限于道义型主战派士大夫,对实务型主和派士大夫及主守派政治元老也多加选用;在此之后,宋孝宗迫于符离兵败的政治压力与金人议和,锐意恢复政策主张转换为内修以图恢复的长远政治谋略。宋孝宗以邪正为标准的多元用人政策,与其对金强硬的政治主张既统一又矛盾,这种复杂的政策取向既切合即时的宋金政治局势,也为南宋制定内修以图恢复的长远国策埋下了伏笔。
 
关键词: 南宋;宋金和战;孝宗;符离兵败;隆兴和议;政策迁移
 
 
Peace and war division: the political orientation of the early Southern Song Dynasty
 
DONG Chunlin
 
(Department of History and Tourism, Chengdu Normal University, Chengdu 611130, China)
 
Abstract: In the beginning of the Southern Song Dynasty, Song-Jin Relationship was the time puzzle for Southern Song regime. In Shaoxing 12 years, Song and Jin signed Armistice treaty, but it did not become the sustainable Song-Jin Relationship foundation. In Shaoxing 31 years, Jin tore the treaty and moved southward. Song Xiaozong forge regain lost ground, Song and Zhang war broke out again, which continued until Fuli defeat. During this period, Song Xiaozong used wider appointment of personnel; After this, because of the political pressure, they signed Longxing Agreement, and the battle policy also converted to long-term recovery policy. Song Xiaozong as the Evil and the positive employment standards, is consistent with the prevailing political situation, which also provided the Southern Song Dynasty with a chance to develop a long-term national policy foreshadowed.
 
Key words: the Southern Song Dynasty; peace and war between Song-Jin; Song Xiaozong; Fuli defeat; Longxing Agreement; poliacy migration
 
 
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