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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年08月第20卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)04-0091-06
 
中美洗钱罪主观要素界定的比较
 
李云飞
 
(中国人民银行重庆营业管理部,重庆,401147;西南政法大学法学院,重庆,401120)
 
摘  要: 美国是世界上最早将洗钱行为犯罪化的国家。《美国法典》第18编第1956、1957节的规定被视为美国反洗钱刑事立法的核心。其在洗钱罪主观要素的规定凸显了犯罪对象性质明知的开放性,主观罪过包括“蓄意”和“明知”的多样性,“明知”样态包括“推定明知”和“故意不知”的实用性等特点。与我国《刑法》第191条洗钱罪上游犯罪圈明知规定的封闭性,主观故意规定的单一性,主观要素规定不能涵盖洗钱类型等问题形成鲜明对比。
 
关键词: 中国;《美国法典》;洗钱罪;主观罪过;上游犯罪圈;犯罪的故意样态
 
 
A comparative study on Mens Rea of Money Laundering between China and USA
 
LI Yunfei
 
(Chongqing Operation Office of The People’S Bank of China, Chongqqing 401147, China;
School of Law, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Chongqing 401120, China)
 
Abstract: The Sections 1956 and 1957 of Article 18 of the “The United States Code” are considered as the core of anti-money laundering provisions of criminal legislation in the United States. Generally from the narrow perspective , the U.S. money laundering crime refers to the two specified sections .The characteristics of US money laundering crime include the openness nature of the knowledge, mens rea include intention and knowledge, and knowledge includes presumption knowledge and willful blindness. The characteristics of our country money laundering crime include the closed nature of the knowledge, mens rea only includes actual intent, knowledge while excluding willful blindness.
 
Key words: The United States Code; Money Laundering; Mens Rea; upstream circle of crime; willful crime
 
 
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