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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年06月第20卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)03-0214-07
 
论谭献词学“正变”观及其对常州词派的推进
 
傅宇斌
 
(云南师范大学文学院,云南昆明,650500)
 
摘  要: 谭献词学的“正变”观念是对周济“正变”观的一种反拨。不同于之前学者讨论词学正变多从词体发生的角度立论,谭献更注重词的功能。他认为词是古代乐教的重要载体,故而,言志之词是为词的“正声”,永言之词是为词的“变声”。具体而言,表现手法疏越、显豁之词为“正声”之词,表现手法含蓄、婉丽之词为“变声”之词。谭献不仅以其“正变”观建构唐宋词史的体系,而且用以建构清词史的体系,这体现在他的《复堂词录》和《箧中词》两部词选中。
 
关键词: 谭献;正变观;常州词派;《复堂词录》;《箧中词》
 
 
Tan Xian’s orthodox and variant of Cixue and it’s influence on Changzhou School of Ci
 
FU Yubin
 
(Faculty of arts of Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650500, China)
 
Abstract: Tan Xian’s Orthodox and Variant of Cixue is reaction an antirepresentation to ZhouJi. Different from previous schoolers, Tan Xian paid more attention to functions of Ci. He thought that Ci was an important carrier of ancient music education, so the integrity of the emotion in works was regarded as Orthodox, while the twists and turns of the emotion in works were regarded as Variant. To be specific, the poems obviously and skillfully expressed were Orthodox. On the contrary that was Variant. Tan Xian constructed not only history of Tang and Song dynasty’s Ci according to his ideas, but also history of Qing dynasty’s Ci, which was reflected in the two selected works—— Ci selections of Futang and Ci selections of Suitcase.
 
Key words: Tan Xian; Orthodox and Variant; Changzhou school of Ci; Ci selections of Futang; Ci selections of Suitcase
 
 
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