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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年06月第20卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)03-0154-08
 
典型低收入群体就业状况的调查与分析
 
廖文,陈成文
 
(湖南师范大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410081)
 
摘  要: 改善低收入群体的就业状况是推进就业体制改革的重要目标。实证研究结果表明:第一,低收入群体的就业状况不容乐观,主要表现在低收入群体就业机会相对较少、就业质量相对较低、就业保障缺乏等方面;第二,到异地就业的低收入群体的就业机会有较大幅度的增加;第三,低收入群体由于人力资本匮乏,在劳动力市场中处于弱势地位,因而他们对就业培训服务有很强烈的需求;第四,低收入群体有较强的创业愿望,但是由于金融资本严重不足,他们对银行贷款有强烈的需求。这就是说,我国就业体制改革尚未达到改善低收入群体就业状况的目的。因此,进一步推进就业体制改革,势在必行。一是要推动农业产业化发展,实现工业从城市向农村转移;二是要健全政府促进就业的保障机制。
 
关键词: 就业体制改革;民生;典型低收入群体
 
 
An investigation and an analysis: employment of several typical low-income groups
 
LIAO Wen, CHEN Chengwen
 
(The Institute of Public Administration, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)
 
Abstract: It is one of the important goals of the reform of employment system to improve the people’s livelihood of employment of low-income groups. The empirical results are as follows: Firstly, the situation of low-income groups is not good in employment. Secondly, the low-income groups have more job opportunities if they can work away from home. Thirdly, the low-income groups have a strong demand for employment training services, because of lacking of human capital. Fourthly, the low-income groups have stronger entrepreneurial aspirations and a strong demand for loans from bank. This implies that the china’s employment system reform has not meet the basic needs of low-income groups. Therefore, it is imperative to further promote the reform of employment system.
 
Key words: the reform of employment system; people's livelihood; typical low-income groups
 
 
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