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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年06月第20卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)03-0074-06
 
个体与名教的统一
——王弼名教思想探析
 
张盈盈
 
(上海师范大学哲学学院,上海,200234)
 
摘  要: 魏晋是个体自我觉醒的时代。王弼作为士阶层的典型代表,援道入儒提出“名教本于自然”的命题,倡导在尊重个体本性的前提下重塑名教的权威。道家的自然既是世界的运行法则也指个体的自然本性,它是个体与名教沟通的桥梁。个体既是名教的遵循者也是名教的载体,对名教有效力起到极为重要的作用。王弼名教与个体统一的名教思想的基本观点是:自然之性是名教存在的基础;自然之道是名教施行的方法;“性其情”是名教与个体统一的人格范式。个体安于名教,圣王施行名教,以及性其情的个体人格范式。个体与名教的统一,既可以维护个体本性又可使名教生命力持久不息。
 
关键词: 王弼;名教;自然原则;个体;圣人;性情
 
 
Integration of Confucian ethical code and individual——An analysis of Wang Bi
 
ZHANG Yingying
 
(School of Philosophy, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China)
 
Abstract: It is a awakening period of individual in Wei Jin dynasty. Wang Bi, as a part of scholars, found new way for the Confucian ethical code in the context of the individual nature, which is reflected in the the notion that Confucian ethical code stems from nature, and he believed that is rule of the world, the nature of individual and the bridge of the Confucian ethical code. Individual is very important for the Confucian ethical code because it is medium for spreading ideas in the world. Wang Bi tried to unite the individual and the Confucian ethical code by the nature rule of Tao to set up the new system of The Confucian ethical code. His thought can be expounded as follows: the individual lives under the Confucian ethical code, the wise men find the good way to carry out and temperament of individual. The integration of the individual and the Confucian ethical code can make the Wang Bi, latter vivid in the society.
 
Key words: Wang Bi; the Confucian ethical code; rule of nature; individual; sage; temperament
 
 
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