自然科学版 英文版
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自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2008年12月第14卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2008)06−0816−05
 
美国城市扩张中的农地保护方法及其启示
 
贺晓英,李世平
 
(西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,陕西杨凌,712100)
 
摘  要: 城市扩张曾使美国农业土地以惊人比率减少,50余年来,美国不断地进行农地保护方法创新并积累了一些经验。从最早实行的使用价值评估到最近的唐提式基金等在内,美国农地保护方法约有28种,可分为调控型、激励型、参与型和混合型等四种类型,其综合了政府政策调控型和经济激励型的组合政策更加有效。我国的农地保护在目标设计、实施体系和方法上,都可对之进行借鉴。
 
关键词:  农地保护;方法;评价;美国;启示
 
 
American farmland preservation system and

techniques evaluation and its inspiration to China

 
HE Xiaoying, LI Shiping
 
(College of Economics and Management, Northwest University of Agricultural and Forestry,
Yangling 712100, China)
 
Abstract:  Urbanization had ever made U.S farmland loss at high rate, over the past 50 years, and the United States has developed a series of techniques for farmland preservation and accumulated lots of experiences, from which, the article tries to get references to China’s farmland preservation in the face of rapid urbanization. Literature review and logical analysis methods are employed. The article first makes a brief review of the U.S. farmland preservation history and goals, from the oldest UVA to the newest Tontine techniques, classifies these 28 farmland preservation techniques into four types: Regulatory, Incentive-based, Participatory, and Hybrid. Then it analyses the unique characteristics of those techniques, and concludes that the combination of regulatory-based and incentive-based techniques is more effective in farmland preservation. Finally, detail suggestions on goals design, executive system, and approaches are made for China’s farmland preservation.
 
Key words:  Farmland preservation; Techniques; Evaluation; American; inspiration
 
 
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