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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年02月第20卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)01-0047-05
 
邓小平对中国共产党政治权威的重塑
 
王钦广
 
(山东理工大学马克思主义学院,山东淄博,255049)
 
摘  要: 皇权政治构成了中国传统政治权威的核心内容并成为中国传统政治文化的特色。辛亥革命推翻了封建皇朝统治,但是却并未从根本上改变超凡魅力型政治权威的本质。邓小平清醒的看到了中国政治权威的弊端,认识到这是事关中国共产党为什么长期执政的问题,由此开始了对中国共产党政治权威的重塑。首先,正确处理了领袖个人权威与政党权威的关系,带头实行了退休制度。其次,强调民主权威和法治权威,坚决要求把党和政府的权威建立在人民民主的基础上。将党的执政活动切实纳入社会主义法治的轨道,建立了政治权威的法治基础。第三,加强中央权威,认为中国的社会主义现代化建设事业是个伟大而又艰巨的事业,必须依靠中央权威,必须由共产党领导。
 
关键词: 邓小平;政治权威;皇权;个人权威;民主权威;法治权威;中央权威
 
 
How Deng Xiaoping reshaped the political authority of the Communist Party of China
 
WANG Qingguang
 
(Law School, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, China)
 
Abstract: Political imperial power of Chinese traditional political authority means the core of Chinese traditional political culture. The Xinhai Revolution (1911) overthrew the royal rule, but did not fundamentally change the nature of political authority. Being aware of the disadvantage of the long term governance of a political party, Deng Xiaoping started to reshape the political authority of the Communist Party of China. First of all, to solve their authority and party leaders, he carried out the retirement system. Second, he emphaed democracy and the rule of law authority, and insisted that the authority of the party and the government’s authority should be based on people’s democracy. He led the party into a socialist legal system to the orbit of political authority, and established the foundation of law. Third, he strengthened the central authority and believed China’s socialist modernization construction is a great and difficult course, which he led the must depend on the central authority, and must be led by the leadership of the communist party.
 
Key words: Deng Xiaoping; political authority; reconstruction
 
 
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