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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2008年12月第14卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2008)06−0756−04
 
王船山礼之形上属性辨正
——以礼即理之礼与礼即气之礼之辨为视角
 
陈力祥
 
(中南大学哲学系,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要:  因王船山明确提出了“礼为天理之经”的命题,而没有明确提出“礼即气之理”的命题;又由于在本体论角度,船山提出了“言心、言性、言天、言理,俱必在气上说,若无气处则俱无也”以及“天人之蕴,一气而已”等命题,似乎船山之礼的形上属性具有“二元”属性,这使船山之礼在形上层面蒙上了一层扑朔迷离的色彩。船山强调气的先在性,尽管理气之间的关系表现为理气交相为体、理气交充。以礼即理之礼与礼即气之礼之辨为视角,得知船山之礼的形上属性表现为礼即气之礼。
 
关键字:  王船山;礼;天理;气;形而上学
 
 
A differentiation on Wang Chuanshan’s ritual theory on metaphysics
——An analysis of propositions ritual is Tianri and ritual is QI
 
CHEN Lixiang
 
(Dhilosophy Department, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract:  Wang Chuanshan put forward the proposition that “ritual is Tianri, however, he didn’t put forward a proposition ritual is QI. At the same time, from Ontological point of view, Wang proposed a theory that we must relay on QI when we talk about Xin, Xing, Tian, Tianri. There is nothing when we depart from QI.QI is everything in the universe. According to the above account, it seems that the attribute on metaphysics of Wang’s ritual theory is dualism, which confused us very much. Wang emphasized that Qi is apriority to everything in the universe. The relationship between Tianri and QI is that Tianri is the body of Qi, and QI is the body of Tianri as well. Differentiating metaphysics of Wang’s ritual theory based on an analysis of the propositions of ritual is Tianri and ritual is QI, we can conclude that ritual is QI’s ritual.
 
Key words:  WANG Chuanshan; rites; tianri; Qi; metaphysics
 
 
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