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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年08月第19卷第4期
   
本文已被:浏览1770次    下载725次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2013)04-0126-06
 
论马克思公平思想的理论渊源
 
江胜珍
 
(中南大学马克思主义学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 马克思的公平思想是在批判吸收各种公平思想的基础上发展起来的。马克思之前的古典公平思想和自由主义公平思想均曾影响到马克思,虽然他从整体上对自由主义公平思想持有否定的态度;黑格尔的法哲学思想使得马克思更加关注不同群体、不同个体之间的现实的利益差别;费尔巴哈让马克思具有了历史关怀,使其公平思想进入了历史唯物主义范围;空想社会主义者理论上重视公平实践上忽视历史,没有深入到资本主义不平等的内在本质,马克思则深刻揭示了资本主义公平的虚伪实质,并找到了一条适合于人类社会发展的客观规律,指出了人类社会发展目标的最后归宿。
 
关键词: 马克思;公平思想;历史唯物主义;自由主义;空想社会主义
 
 
On theory source of Marx’s justice thoughts
 
JIANG Shengzhen
 
(Marxism School, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Marx held a critical attitude towards justice thoughts before his. Justice thoughts of classicism, which included the following: social order depends on the institution, and those wise persons decide rationality and impartiality of institutional arrangement. Marx’s attitude was negative towards justice thoughts of liberalism though he was affected by it. Hegelian justice thoughts spurred Marx to pay close attention to the difference of benefit in groups or individuals. Marx began to care the history because of the criticism and inheritance of Feuerbach’s justice thoughts, which made it clear of emerging and developing of justice. Utopian socialism was just about the appearance, and not about the essence of inequality. Marx really got the nature of private ownership of capitalism. Ultimately, he found an objective law which was to be suited to the development of mankind by scientific critique of capitalist society through class struggle. He also pointed out the end result of human society.
 
Key words: Marx; Justice thought; Historical materialism; Liberalism; Utopian socialism
 
 
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